I have researched macro and close-up photographyto find out the things to consider when taking close-up photographs of subjects, in order to take a good, clear and crisp photographs.
1) Use a self-timer or shutter release cable
This helps to eliminate camera shake from pressing down the shutter, making sure the photographs are completely still and not blurry.
2) Use a tripod
This also eliminates camera shake from holding the camera and pressing down on the shutter, and allows the set to be moved around without the composition being lost.
Select a manual focus setting on the camera so that you can decide which part of the image to focus on and draw attention to.
Give the image a main point of interest, and keep the background simple so it doesn't draw attention or make the image less visually striking.